Advocates for sexual abuse victims in the Orthodox Jewish community planned on going to New York’s state capital on May 3 to lobby the legislature to eliminate the statute of limitations for child sex abuse offenses.
A bill to change the statute of limitations has languished in a state legislative committee for years, due in large part to opposition from the Catholic Church and Agudath Israel of America.
The bill, known as the Child Victims Act, would “completely eliminate the civil statute of limitations for child sex abuse offenses in the future,” according to SOL Reform, an advocacy group that sponsored a series of panels and news conferences on May 3 and 4.
The bill also would suspend the civil statute of limitations for one year. During that time, the accuser could bring a civil lawsuit against a private educational organization, no matter how far back the alleged abuse dates. While the bill passed the New York State Assembly, it has been blocked in the State Senate in the decade since it was introduced.
Agudah, which represents charedi Orthodox schools and synagogues, says the bill would open up institutions to “ancient claims and capricious litigation,” as the group wrote in a 2009 statement it issued with the charedi schools network Torah Umesorah.
“We do not oppose extending or even eliminating the criminal statute of limitations for cases of abuse,” Rabbi Avi Shafran, an Agudah spokesman, said. “Our concern is simply protecting the economic viability of Jewish schools. Yeshivas operate on shoestring budgets.”
Advocates for abuse victims say opponents of the legislation are putting their institution’s finances and reputations ahead of justice for abuse victims.
“They are most interested in keeping the civil lawsuits from happening because that is where all of the secrets and cover-ups come out,” said Marci Hamilton, a professor at Yeshiva University’s Cardozo School of Law and an organizer of SOL Reform. It “is about image and power.”
Criminal cases focus narrowly on the perpetrator’s actions rather than institutions that may have protected him, she said. “Only through a civil case can you document an institution’s negligence and the way it failed children,” she added. “The problem is that they won’t fix their internal procedures unless there are civil claims, because they don’t have to.”
Among those advocating for the New York law are Chaim Levin of Crown Heights who won a $3.5 million civil judgment against a cousin, Sholom Eichler, in 2013. He accused Eichler, who then was 23, of abusing him when he was 8. Levin has not been able to collect any part of the judgment because Eichler fled to Israel.
Levin’s suit narrowly made it under the current statue of limitations for filing a civil lawsuit. According to Hamilton, studies show that most sex abuse victims do not come forward until they are in their 40s.
Other activists planning to make the trip to Albany on May 3 included Hamilton; Meyer Seewald of the Orthodox-run anti-sexual abuse organization Jewish Community Watch; Manny Waks, CEO of the advocacy group Kol v’Oz, and Sara Kabakov, who wrote an article in the Forward earlier this year describing the abuse she said she suffered as a child at the hands of the former rabbi Marc Gafni.
Levin says that he expected the lobbying group to include 20 to 30 people. Advocates for charedi victims say that cultural prohibitions against reporting abuse to police remain strong in their communities, where extended families often are large and influential, and relationships are tightly knit.
The lobbying push in Albany came amid allegations of abuse leveled against charedi-run schools, including a March article in Newsweek titled “Child Abuse Allegations Plague the Chasidic Community.” The article alleged that a prominent Chabad yeshiva, Oholei Torah in Crown Heights, had ignored or downplayed reports of physical and sexual abuse against students.
In response to the Newsweek report, Oholei Torah’s top administrator, Rabbi Shlomo Rosenfeld, wrote a letter to parents saying, “I can categorically assure you that there is absolutely no abuse taking place in Oholei Torah that we know of — neither sexual abuse, nor physical abuse, nor verbal abuse.”
Seewald’s group, Jewish Community Watch, recently posted a response to Rosenfeld’s letter.
“Those at Oholei Torah have buried their heads in the sand and want all of us to do the same,” Jewish Community Watch wrote. There is “willful disregard on the part of Oholei Torah directors and board members who possess factual knowledge of present and past physical and sexual abuse within the walls of Oholei Torah.”
Administrators at Oholei Torah did not respond to many phone messages and emails.
The increasing visibility of Jewish Community Watch, however, suggests that attitudes are changing within the Orthodox world itself.
Last year, the Orthodox newspaper Algemeiner Journal honored Seewald, 27, as one of the 100 people “positively influencing Jewish life.”
Among other activities, Jewish Community Watch publishes the names of proven abusers and helps connect victims with therapists. It is now paying fees for 80 people, Seewald said. The organization holds awareness-raising events in Orthodox communities in such places as Miami, Baltimore, Montreal, and Israel.
“Without question, it’s so different now than even five years ago,” said Seewald, who grew up in Crown Heights and now lives in Miami. As a young boy he was sexually molested by a camp counselor, he said. And as a teen, a schoolmate at Oholei Torah gave him a massage and put his hands down Seewald’s pants, he added.
“People are 100 percent more willing to come forward,” Seewald said. “Four years ago we were attacked beyond everything to show we weren’t credible. It was 10 percent of people supporting us. Now it’s 80 percent.
“Leaders of the community have changed,” he continued. “Now they realize there are so many kids at risk, problems with marriage because of sexual abuse, they are supportive. Not yet publicly, unfortunately, but behind the scenes they will support the work we do.”
Jewish Community Watch now has a benefactor. Miami businessman Eli Nash, 30, said that for three years, starting when he was 8, he was sexually abused by a 14-year-old family friend. He also was physically abused by his teachers in first and fourth grades. When a teacher threw him against a wall it left bruises, said Nash, who also grew up in Crown Heights.
He and his brother have given about $1 million to Jewish Community Watch over the past two years and have pledged ongoing support. The organization now has 11 employees in Miami and Israel, and plans to open a Manhattan office soon.
“It’s not PC to say anymore you don’t care about it,” said Nash, who owns a cellphone wholesale business. “It’s not acceptable to say ‘we’re not doing more, we don’t take it seriously.’ It’s not even acceptable to say anymore ‘you can’t call the cops,’ which was very accepted before. That’s what has changed.
“In the abstract everything’s changed,” he said. But “in the particulars, a lot more has to.”
JTA Wire Service