At some point during Pesach preparations we’ve all tried to convert a during-the-year recipe into a Pesach one, only to discover that we don’t have a clue about what to substitute for a chametz ingredient. This panic moment is why I started compiling my Complete List of Pesach Substitutes. This year, I’ve added some great new substitutions. If anyone has any other substitutions that they would like to share, please let me know by emailing me at email@example.com.
1 ounce baking chocolate (unsweetened chocolate) = 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon oil or melted margarine
16 ounces semi-sweet chocolate = 6 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/4 cup oil and 7 tablespoons granulated sugar
14 ounces sweet chocolate (German-type) = 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 2 2/3 tablespoons oil and 4 1/2 tablespoons granulated sugar
1 cup confectioners’ sugar = 1 cup granulated sugar minus 1 tablespoon sugar
plus 1 tablespoon potato starch pulsed in a food processor or blender
1 cup sour milk or buttermilk for dairy baking = 1 tablespoon lemon juice in a 1 cup measure, then fill to 1 cup with Passover nondairy creamer. Stir and steep 5 minutes
Butter in baking or cooking use pareve Passover margarine in equal amounts. Use a bit less salt
1 cup honey = 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water
1 cup corn syrup = 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/3 cup water, boiled until syrupy
1 cup vanilla sugar = 1 cup granulated sugar with 1 split vanilla bean left for at least 24 hours in a tightly covered jar
1 cup of flour, substitute 5/8 cup matzo cake meal or potato starch or a combination sifted together
1 tablespoon flour = 1/2 tablespoon potato starch
1 cup corn starch = 7/8 cup potato starch
1 teaspoon cream of tartar = 1 1/2 teaspoons lemon juice or 1 1/2 teaspoons vinegar
1 cup graham cracker crumbs = 1 cup ground cookies or soup nuts plus 1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 cup bread crumbs = 1 cup matzo meal
1 cup matzo meal = 3 matzos ground in a food processor
1 cup matzo cake meal = 1 cup plus 2 tablespoon matzo meal finely ground in a blender or food processor and sifted
3 crumbled matzos = 2 cups matzo farfel
1 cup (8 ounces) cream cheese = 1 cup cottage cheese pureed with 1/2 stick butter or margarine
Chicken fat or gribenes = 2 caramelized onions, saute 2 sliced onions in 2 tablespoons oil and 2 tablespoons sugar. Cook until the onions are soft. Puree the onions once they are golden.
1 cup milk (for baking) = 1 cup water plus 2 tablespoon margarine, or 1/2 cup fruit juice plus 1/2 cup water
1 1/4 cups sweetened condensed milk = 1 cup instant nonfat dry milk, 2/3 cup sugar,
1/3 cup boiling water, and 3 tablespoons margarine. Blend all the ingredients until smooth. To thicken, let set in the refrigerator for 24 hours.
1 cup wine = 13 tablespoons water, 3 tablespoons lemon juice, and 1 tablespoon sugar. Mix together and let set for 10 minutes.
For frying: Instead of chicken fat, use combination of olive oil or vegetable oil and 1 to 2 tablespoons pareve Passover margarine.
Eggs: Passover egg substitutes don’t work quite as well as the chametz egg substitutes. For kugels, matzah balls, fried matzah, and some cakes the recipes will probably be O.K. However, if you want to avoid them (and I do) you can add one extra egg white and 1/2 teaspoon of vegetable oil for each yolk eliminated when baking. Use only egg whites as the dipping to coat and fry meats.
Italian seasoning = 1/4 teaspoon each of dried oregano, marjoram, and basil leaves, plus 1/8 teaspoon rubbed dried sage. This can be substituted for 1 1/2 teaspoons Italian seasoning.
Curry powder = 2 tablespoons ground coriander, 1 tablespoon black pepper, 2 tablespoons red pepper, 2 tablespoons turmeric, 2 tablespoons ground ginger. Makes 2/3 cup.
Pancake syrup = use fruit jelly, not jam, and add a little water to thin. I always like to combine the jelly and water in a microwave safe bowl and heat it gently before I serve it.
Seasoned rice wine vinegar = 3 tablespoons white vinegar, 1 tablespoon white wine, 1 tablespoon sugar, 1/2 teaspoon salt. Mix to combine. Makes 1/4 cup
Flavored vinegar = lemon juice in cooking or salad, grapefruit juice in salads, wine in marinades.
Water chestnuts = substitute raw jicama
Orange liqueur = substitute an equal amount of frozen orange juice concentrate.
You can mince the tops of green onions and use them in recipes that call for chives or use celery tops instead of parsley (who are we kidding, we always have parsley during Pesach).