We’ve always thought that Makhtesh Ramon — the Ramon Crater — in the Israeli desert looks like somewhere straight out of space, with its masses of reddish sand, bizarre rock formations, and general sense of absolute peace and quiet. Turns out, we’re not alone — this month, the crater is playing home to a “space mission” that simulates an expedition on Mars.
With expeditions to Mars already expected to take place in the foreseeable future, the AMADEE-20 Mars simulation, led by the Israel Space Agency and the Austrian Space Forum, seeks to prepare for such expeditions to the Red Planet by conducting analog ones in a setting that is similar to it, both geologically and topographically.
To do so, six “astronauts” from Austria, Israel, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain are now spending three weeks “on Mars,” carrying out some 20 experiments sent in by 200 researchers from 25 countries in order to test their methodologies and equipment.
The experiments come from the fields of biology, geology, engineering, medicine and psychology. One experiment, for example, examines the microbiome of the analog astronauts during their stay in “space,” another explores their possible biological contamination of their surroundings, and more are testing the operation of robots and unmanned aerial vehicles for exploration purposes. In addition, the crew is checking out equipment including anti-radiation vests and moondust-repellent textiles.
This year’s Mars analog field mission isn’t the first to take place in Makhtesh Ramon — the first such simulation, called D-MARS, happened in 2018, and the astronauts who participated in it spent their time measuring cosmic radiation and collecting ground samples from the site.
The first Mars “settlement” on Earth was established on an island in northern Canada back in 2000. Since then, similar sites were established in Utah, Hawaii and Moscow, but this year’s AMADEE-20 expedition is the most complex one to date.