To name … or not to name

To name … or not to name

Jewish organizations grapple with the Trump question

Former members of the U.S. military carry boxes in Washington, D.C., on August 4 with more than 100,000 signatures requesting that Senator John McCain (R-Ariz.) and other Republican leaders withdraw their endorsement of presidential candidate Donald Trump. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Former members of the U.S. military carry boxes in Washington, D.C., on August 4 with more than 100,000 signatures requesting that Senator John McCain (R-Ariz.) and other Republican leaders withdraw their endorsement of presidential candidate Donald Trump. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)

WASHINGTON — “This condemnation is against you personally,” the Jewish War Veterans said earlier this week, concluding its message to Donald Trump. “You, Mr. Trump, deserve our contempt.”

If the sign-off to the statement condemning the Republican nominee for his attacks on the Muslim parents of a soldier killed in action was cuttingly personal, it was also necessarily personal.

“JWV is an apolitical organization,” the group said in the same statement. “We do not support or oppose candidates or parties.”

The veterans’ statement encapsulated a dilemma faced by Jewish organizations as they brace for the November election: Many of Trump’s remarks, if they came from just about anyone else, would draw an immediate rebuke from Jewish groups, founded on principles of protecting the vulnerable from ridicule and discrimination.

But Trump is the nominee for one of the two major parties, and tax laws prevent nonprofits from endorsing or opposing a presidential candidate. (Trump, notably, believes the tax laws are a bar to free speech. He wants to repeal them.)

It’s a fine line that Jewish groups are straddling in different ways. Some criticize the rhetoric, without mentioning the speaker. Others name Trump, but, like the Jewish War Veterans, go to lengths to make it clear that they are not taking a position on whether he should be elected.

Hillary Clinton’s campaign has taken notice, and sees the statements as validating its case within the Jewish community.

“At the Jewish organizational level, major leaders who do not usually speak out during campaigns have stood up,” Sarah Bard, the Democratic nominee’s Jewish outreach director, said during the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.

In addition to Jewish War Veterans, the Anti-Defamation League and the Reform movement have named Trump — the ADL by far the most frequently.

Among other times when they named Trump, the civil rights group called out Trump’s “hate speech” against immigrants in July of 2015, said his plan to bar Muslims from entering the country was “deeply offensive” in December of 2015, called on Trump to distance himself from white supremacists in February, gave away $56,000 in donations Trump had made to the group in March, criticized Trump’s “America First” slogan in April, and called on the nominee to reject the support of racists in July.

Jonathan Greenblatt, the group’s CEO, noted that the ADL had called out other candidates by name, including Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, the contender for the Democratic nomination who inflated the number of Palestinian civilians killed during Israel’s 2014 war in the Gaza Strip.

“We’re going to do what we do, because it’s the right thing to do,” he said.

The ADL may have more leeway because Trump’s perceived offenses violate its raison d’etre: He is seen as defaming minorities, and it is, after all, a league against defamation.

“Of late, we’ve found ourselves indeed calling out instances of bigotry on the campaign, like for example when Donald Trump described Mexicans coming over the border en masse as rapists and murderers, and then when he talked about closing the border to all Muslims, we spoke out about these things because, again, bigotry in all forms, whether it’s directed against Latinos or immigrants or Muslims or refugees, we find it reprehensible,” Greenblatt said.

Rabbi Jonah Pesner, the director of the Reform movement’s Religious Action Center, said the movement usually is careful not to name candidates in its statements, except when what a candidate says “is clearly in violation of a value” it holds dear.

That was in the case in March, when the movement wrote Trump asking for a meeting to discuss instances in which he or his surrogates had disparaged Mexicans, Muslims, women, and Jews, and when he appeared to condone violence against protesters.

Pesner said that the letter was crafted carefully to focus on instances of Trump’s offensive speech, rather than on the overall prospect of Trump as a president.

“We reminded our audiences we never speak about candidates, and we were neither endorsing nor rejecting Mr. Trump’s candidacy,” he said. “We wrote the letter with footnotes, so we could be completely appropriate, so we weren’t talking about his candidacy but what he had said.”

Bend the Arc, a Jewish social justice group, targets Trump through its affiliated political action committee; tax rules for PAC endorsements are much looser than for nonprofits.

Other Jewish organizations have taken care not to name Trump.

The Orthodox Union, opposing Trump’s Muslim ban proposal last December, did not name him. The American Jewish Committee, in a March statement released after Trump appeared to condone violence against protesters, said that “The political season is a long one, and in the heat of the moment, candidates and their supporters say and do things they do not mean or which they phrase carelessly.” The statement did not mention that Trump was the only candidate to have made such calls. David Harris, the AJC director, was unavailable for comment.

On August 3, the Jewish Council for Public Affairs, the umbrella body for Jewish community relations councils, released a statement that urged civility from all sides and praised the Democratic party for including a similar appeal in its platform — but, despite decrying “hostile, acrimonious, and demeaning rhetoric,” did not name such rhetoric’s most notorious purveyor, Trump.

David Bernstein, the JCPA’s president, said that if other organizations wanted to be “less risk averse,” that was their choice.

“For an organization committed to promoting a more tolerant society, we’re willing to speak publicly when it comes to crossing a line,” he said. “That doesn’t mean we’re not going to exercise judiciousness.”

JTA Wire Service

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