Last week, Dr. David Berger, a professor of Jewish history and the dean of the Bernard Revel Graduate School of Jewish Studies of Yeshiva University, was part of a delegation that met with Pope Francis at the Vatican.

The delegation of Orthodox rabbis, who represented the Rabbinical Council of America, the Conference of European Rabbis, and the Chief Rabbinate of Israel, presented the pope with “Between Jerusalem and Rome: Reflections on Fifty Years of Nostra Aetate.” The document, which focused on Jewish attitudes toward Christianity, was endorsed by the three organizations. This is the first formal statement on Christianity and Christian-Jewish relations issued by the organized Orthodox rabbinate, and by arranging an audience with the pope, the Church signaled its recognition of the significance of this moment.